What is explain COD?

What is explain COD?

The chemical oxygen demand (COD) is a measure of water and wastewater quality. The COD test is often used to monitor water treatment plant efficiency. The COD is the amount of oxygen consumed to chemically oxidize organic water contaminants to inorganic end products.

What happens if COD is high?

When the COD levels are higher, there is a greater demand for oxygen. This means that there is likely more oxidizable organic material in water with high COD levels. This also means that there are reduced Dissolved Oxygen (DO) concentrations in wastewater with high COD levels.

What does COD mean in wastewater?

Chemical oxygen demand
5 Chemical oxygen demand (COD) The COD is the estimate of oxygen required for the portion of organic matter in wastewater that is subjected to oxidation and also the amount of oxygen consumed by organic matter from boiling acid potassium dichromate solution.

What causes high COD?

COD increases as the concentration of organic material increases. It also increases if inorganic compounds susceptible to oxidation by the oxidant (typically dichromate) are present. Water with high COD typically contains high levels of decaying plant matter, human waste, or industrial effluent.

Is high COD good or bad?

1.1 Chemical Oxygen Demand. COD is an indicative measurement of the amount of oxygen that can be consumed by reactions in a measured solution. COD detection can be used to easily quantify the amount of organics in water. The higher the COD value, the more serious the pollution of organic matter by water.

Why is COD higher than BOD?

COD stands for ‘Chemical Oxygen Demand’ where BOD stands for Biochemical Oxygen Demand. COD is normally higher than BOD because more organic compounds can be chemically oxidised than biologically oxidised.

Why is high COD bad?

Higher COD levels mean a greater amount of oxidizable organic material in the sample, which will reduce dissolved oxygen (DO) levels. A reduction in DO can lead to anaerobic conditions, which is deleterious to higher aquatic life forms.

What is COD limit?

The chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration in a treated effluent, if observed to be persistently greater than 250 mg/l before disposal to any receiving body (public sewer, land for irrigation, inland surface water and marine coastal areas), such industrial units are required to identify chemicals causing the same.

What is BOD COD and do?

BOD is the amount of oxygen that will be consumed by bacteria or other aerobic microorganisms while decomposing organic matter under aerobic conditions. COD measures the amount of oxygen that will be consumed by the chemical breakdown, or oxidation (degeneration) of organic pollutants in water.

What is BOD COD ratio?

BOD (Biochemical oxygen demand) is the pollution index of any water sample. BOD : COD (Chemical oxygen demand) ratio using the formulated seed comes in the range of 0.7-0.8 whereas that using BODSEED comes in the ratio of 0.5-0.6. The ultimate BOD (UBOD) was also performed by exceeding the 3-day dilution BOD test.

How is COD BOD ratio calculated?

To establish the COD:BOD ratio for your wastewater, simply have both COD and BOD run on several wastewater samples. Divide the COD concentration by the BOD concentration for each sample and average the results.

What is COD BOD ratio?